Pharmacological action: Anti-inflammatory, tonic for brain and liver.
Medicinal use: Effective in hysteria, epilepsy, nervous irritability, depression, migraine, intermittent fevers, liver and spleen inflammation, menstrual irregularities, facial paralysis, piles.
Pharmacological action: Anthelmintic, analgesic, purgative.
Medicinal use: Effective in purging the body of phlegmatic and atrabilious humors. Prescribed in epilepsy, melancholia and insanity. Acts as a blood purifier, reduces inflammations and relieves pain in the stomach, fever and jaundice.
Pharmacological action: Digestive, astringent, sedative, anti-phlegmatic.
Medicinal use: Effective in phlegmatic cough, asthma, chronic dementia, insomnia, paralysis, neuralgia, and irritation of the kidney, uterus and bladder. Also useful in lung, bowel, and genito-urinary complaints such as cystitis.
Pharmacological action: Emollient, analgesic, expectorant, diuretic.
Medicinal use: Effective in all kinds of local inflammations, sores and ulcers. Also effective in internal inflammations and expectorant in colds, coughs, urinary irritations, gonorrhea, spermatorrhea and diarrhea.
Pharmacological action: Anti-haemorrhagic and anti-bilious.
Medicinal use: Effective in internal hemorrhages, bloody piles, menorrhagia. Also used in tuberculosis, lung infections, capillary bronchitis, whooping cough, chronic diarrhea and malaria.
Pharmacological action: Powerful hydragogue, cathartic, anthelmintic, anti-spasmodic.
Medicinal use: Effective in purging malhumours present in the body due to physiological or organ dysfunctions. Effective against brain and nervous disorders, paralysis, convulsions, epilepsy, severe constipation. Also cures abnormal leucorrheal discharge, gonorrhea and gleet.
Pharmacological action: Disinfectant, antiseptic, sedative, anti-inflammatory, diuretic.
Medicinal use: Effective in epilepsy, colic, stomach debility, jaundice, nervous irritability, rheumatism, toothache, open wounds and fistulas. Also useful for treatment of hair and scalp.
Pharmacological action: Exhilarant, carminative, cephalic tonic, cardiac.
Medicinal use: Effective in giddiness, bronchitis, griping, muscular pain, asthma, headache, scabies. Used as brain tonic and in hypochondriac conditions. Strengthens gums and improves mouth odor, and relieves toothache. Also effective as a cardiac tonic and relieves rheumatic pain and breast inflammation.