Pharmacological action: Antiseptic, anti-inflammatory for genito-urinary and upper respiratory mucous membranes.
Medicinal use: Effective in obstructions of the liver, spleen and urinary tract, cystitis, in gleet and gonorrhea. Also strengthens gums and teeth, and used in bronchitis, laryngitis and against vaginal discharges and leucorrhea.
Pharmacological action: Cathartic, anthelmintic, blood purifier, purgative.
Medicinal use: Effective in purging malhumors, particularly related to feverish attacks, and all conditions of irritative skin, scabies, rheumatic pains, and other phlegmatic disorders of the chest and abdomen.
Pharmacological action: Mucilaginous, demulcent, repercussive.
Medicinal use: Effective in pulmonary complaints such as dry cough, asthma, bronchitis, hoarseness of voice, and fever. Useful against scurvy and internal scratches of the intestine and bladder.